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08-Sep-2017 13:37

Crossrail's central core section will use new east–west twin tunnels under central London, splitting into two branches at either end.The tunnelled sections will be approximately 22 kilometres (14 mi) in length.Crossrail will be operated by MTR Corporation (Crossrail) Ltd as a London Rail concession of Transport for London, in a similar manner to London Overground.It is expected to relieve pressure on existing east-west London Underground lines such as the Central and District lines, as well as the Jubilee line extension and the Heathrow branch of the Piccadilly line.Due to the size and positioning of the new platforms, Farringdon station will also be connected to Barbican station, and Liverpool Street to Moorgate station.Positioning a new station at Paddington presented structural design challenges due to its positioning just below Eastbourne Terrace and the station's taxi rank, and within 3 metres of Isambard Kingdom Brunel's 150 year old mainline station.One of the two eastern sections runs underground from Whitechapel to Stratford, then on the surface on the existing main line.The service will replace the "Shenfield metro", with key stops at Ilford, Romford (for interchange with London Overground services to Upminster), Gidea Park (where some peak hour trains will start or terminate), and Shenfield.

Both the Labour and Conservative parties made commitments in their manifestos for the 2010 election to deliver the railway, and the coalition government formed after the election also committed to the project.

The project was approved in 2007 and construction began in 2009 on the central section and connections to existing lines that will become part of the route.